Some diseases, such as prostate and testicular cancer, are biologically defined as male problems. But the underlying causes of this broader pattern of health inequality between genders lies in different exposure to risks, especially at work. This means the difference is not inevitable. These risks include working in occupations with a poorer safety record and 'lifestyle' issues, such as men’s diet and reluctance to talk about personal matters.
According to the Office for National Statistics, the reduction in the proportion of men smoking, along with the decline of heavy industry and the move away from physical labour and manufacturing industries towards the service sector are likely factors in why the gender health gap has narrowed in recent years.