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Can I refuse to take a test to see whether I have been using illegal drugs, or am under the influence of alcohol?
Your employer has no automatic legal right to test you for drug or alcohol abuse, but you may have expressly given your permission to testing when you signed your written contract of employment.
Whether your employer can discipline or dismiss you for refusing a test will depend, among other factors, on the nature of your work.
Where your employer keeps records of such tests, it must comply with the data handling rules issued by the Information Commissioner – for example, it will only be able to hold data for a limited time and in a secure environment.
Also see the TUC's guidance on Drug testing in the workplace.