What are HIV and AIDS? Are they different?

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system – the body’s defence against disease. Someone infected with HIV is considered to have developed Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) when their immune system is so compromised they cannot fight off the normal range of diseases.

Note: This content is provided as general background information and should not be taken as legal advice or financial advice for your particular situation. Make sure to get individual advice on your case from your union, a source on our free help page or an independent financial advisor before taking any action.