This depends on the circumstances in which your employer is trying to close the scheme. It will also depend on both what the law allows and any additional requirements contained in the rules of your scheme. In general, there are few legal barriers if your employer wants to:
- close a scheme to new members, but let existing members carry on making contributions; or
- close a scheme to new contributions and new members, but still pay the pension you have built up from your previous contributions. (This will have the same effect as leaving the scheme to go to work for another employer.)
However, it is always worth looking at the scheme rules (though you may need professional help for this) to check whether there are any limitations on the employer's freedom to act in this way.
If your employer wants to not just close an existing pension scheme to new contributions and members but completely wind it up, then you do have important legal protection.
Even if your employer is only looking at future benefits and has no legal problems, it does not mean that you should accept closure of your scheme. Unions have fought successful campaigns to keep pension schemes open in the past. The regulations on consultation procedures may give non-union workplaces a route to raise concerns with managers.
If your employer wants to close down a scheme because it has run into genuine difficulties, then there may be an alternative. Some employers have been persuaded by unions through negotiation to change the scheme instead of closing it.
One avenue that may be worth exploring is whether it is possible to keep a salary-related scheme but negotiate over contributions and benefits.