Collective bargaining may include negotiations between a union and employer on any terms and conditions of employment (such as pay, holidays, pensions, etc.) and/or on any procedural arrangements (such as discipline, redundancy, grievance, etc.). When an employer recognises a union, it is usual for the parties to agree the scope of these negotiations.
For the purposes of statutory recognition, through the Central Arbitration Committee (CAC), the scope of these negotiations is limited to pay, hours and holidays, but there is nothing to stop the parties from voluntarily agreeing a wider range of issues.
Where an employer recognises a trade union for collective bargaining, the relevant workers' contracts of employment should expressly incorporate all collective agreements, so that individual workers benefit from the negotiated terms.