What cases will an employment tribunal deal with?

These are the main areas of employment law dealt with by tribunals: 

  • written statement of employment particulars; 

  • unfair dismissal (dismissal for an unlawful reason, or where the employer has failed to follow a fair procedure); 

  • wrongful dismissal (a dismissal not in accordance with your employment contract – e.g. insufficient notice given); 

  • dismissal for asserting a statutory right; 

  • the right to accompany, or be accompanied by, a colleague at a disciplinary or grievance hearing in the workplace; 

  • written reasons for dismissal; 

  • redundancy; 

  • business transfers; 

  • whistleblowing

  • equal pay; 

  • race discrimination

  • disability discrimination; 

  • sex discrimination; 

  • pregnancy/maternity discrimination; 

  • civil partnership/marriage discrimination; 

  • transgender discrimination; 

  • religion/belief discrimination; 

  • sexual orientation discrimination; 

  • age discrimination; 

  • maternity leave, paternity leave, adoption leave, shared parental leave and pay; 

  • parental leave, leave for family emergencies, flexible working,and bereavement leave; 

  • wages issues, including National Minimum Wage and unlawful deductions; 

  • working time; 

  • part-time working; 

  • fixed-term working; 

  • claims under the Agency Workers Regulations; 

  • the right to time off for pension fund trustees, and trade union and safety representatives; 

  • some union claims relating to blacklisting; 

  • the right to campaign for or against trade union recognition; and 

  • dismissal for taking lawful industrial action


Note: This content is provided as general background information and should not be taken as legal advice or financial advice for your particular situation. Make sure to get individual advice on your case from your union, a source on our free help page or an independent financial advisor before taking any action.

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