HSE inspectors have the power to:
- enter premises;
- inspect and investigate;
- take measurements, samples and photographs;
- require an area or machine to be left undisturbed;
- seize, render harmless or destroy dangerous items; and
- obtain information and take statements.
They also have the power to issue improvement and prohibition notices, and can bring prosecutions against any person contravening a relevant statutory provision.
Some health and safety enforcement is carried out by inspectors from the HSE and some by local authorities. You can find out which regulator enforces safety in your sector from the 'Enforcement' page of the HSE website.