When an employer terminates my employment, as well as unfair dismissal, what other claims might I have against my employer?

There are a number of claims you could have, depending on the circumstances of your dismissal. For example: 

  • If your employer has breached a term of your contract of employment, such as not giving the appropriate notice to terminate employment, or premature termination of a fixed-term contract, you may have a claim for wrongful dismissal

  • If your employer dismisses you on grounds of sex, age, gender reassignment, race, sexual orientation, religion or belief, or disability, you may have a claim for discrimination under the Equality Act 2010. In some cases, for example, where the dismissal is linked to pregnancy or maternity, it may also be automatically unfair

  • If your employer has treated you unfavourably because of your trade union membership or lawful trade union activities, you may have a claim for trade union 'detriment'. 

  • You could have a claim relating to equal pay, or if your pay was below the National Minimum Wage

  • If you are owed wages or holiday pay when you are dismissed, you may have a wage claim (also called a claim for ‘unlawful deduction of wages’). 

  • If your employer failed to give you a written statement of employment particulars setting out your main terms of work, you may be able to claim compensation (but only if your other tribunal claims succeed). 

  • If your employer fails to consult the workforce during redundancies, or a transfer of business to a new employer, you may be entitled to compensation called a ‘protective award’. 

  • If you are made redundant when your employer becomes insolvent you can claim unpaid wages, redundancy pay, etc. from the State if your employer is unable to pay it (up to a set maximum). 

Note: This content is provided as general background information and should not be taken as legal advice or financial advice for your particular situation. Make sure to get individual advice on your case from your union, a source on our free help page or an independent financial advisor before taking any action.

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