What is industrial action?

Industrial action is an act, done by either an employee or an employer, which prevents the operation of the contract of employment. Forms of action by employees include:

The usual form of action by the employer is a lockout.

Whether done by the employer or employees, the act constitutes a breach of contract, but the law protects both employer and employees in certain circumstances ('lawful industrial action') from court proceedings.

Note: This content is provided as general background information and should not be taken as legal advice or financial advice for your particular situation. Make sure to get individual advice on your case from your union, a source on our free help page or an independent financial advisor before taking any action.

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